5 Emerging Technologies Among Java Developers in 2018

1) Unit Testing:

In the event that you need to improve as an engineer in 2018, at that point you should take a shot at your unit testing aptitudes. What’s more, not simply unit testing, but rather robotized testing? This likewise incorporates combination testing. You can learn JUnit 5 and other propel unit testing libraries like Mockito, Power Mock, Cucumber, and Robot to take your unit testing expertise to next level. Mockito is extremely effective and enables you to compose a unit test for complex classes by taunting conditions and simply concentrating on the items under test. In the event that you an apprentice in unit testing and need to learn it in 2018, you should gear up and work harder to compete your rivals.

2) Big Data and Java EE 8:

Big data has been a very trendy and encouraging field in the Software industry for the last 3 years. Plenty of jobs wait for the one who is comfortable with Big Data. This has been among top 10 technologies for the java developers in 2018. Many new features come with Java EE 8. Servlet 4.0 with support of http://2, new and improved JSON building and processing, improved CDI and Restful web services, new JSF version, new Java EE Security API are some of the updated versions in the field. But majority of back-end developers tend to pick Spring as their technology for java in 2018.

3) Node JS:

Today, we are pleased to have a platform that is built on the Chrome’s Java Script runtime known as Node.js. This has helped a great deal for easy building of the fast and scalable network applications in the dynamic world today. The code has the property of being lightweight as Node.js is based on an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model. This has emerged as recent trends in the technologies employed by the java developers of 2018. It is very efficient and is perfect for data intensive and Real Time (RT) applications that may run across any number of the distributed devices.

4) Design Patterns and Readability of the Content:

No doubt, design patterns are neither are a technology nor a framework, yet they are the field of discussion among the java developers in 2018. Even in the present scenario, readable, clean and maintainable code is the goal of many java developers and it has to be this way only.

5) Angular and React:

If want to be known as a full-stack developer, it is mandatory that you have considerable knowledge in front-end technologies too. For building an attractive and eye catching presentation layer of the web-app, Angular and React offer the opportunity to do this in a more convenient and time efficient manner. Though React and Angular are not the only options available nowadays, but still their growth and popularity is evident from the positive reviews given by the end consumers.

Programming Language Migration Path

While I was preparing some personal background information for a potential client, I was reviewing all the programming languages ​​that I have had experience with. I list languages ​​that I'm most experienced with on my resume. However, it occurred to me that if I was to list all the languages ​​that I've worked with, then the client would become overwhelmed with the resume and just write me off as either a total bit head or looney toons. But as I reflected on all these different environments I realized how much fun I've had being involved with the software development industry, and that a lot of that fun has to do with the learning process. I think this is what makes a good programmer. Not just the ability to write code, or come up with a very creative application, but the ability to learn. Lets admit it! If a programmer does not have good learning skills, then the programmer is going to have a very short career.

As an exercise, I'm going to list out my Programming Language Migration Path. I would be interested to hear from other programmers what their PLMP is as well. Here goes:

* Commodore Vic-20 Basic

* Commodore Vic-20 6502 Assembler

* Commodore 64 6510 Assembler (Lots of all nighters with this one!)

* IBM BASIC

* IBM Assembler (My hate relationship with segment addressing.)

* dBASE II (Wow! Structured programming.)

* GWBasic

* Turbo Pascal (Thank you Mr. Kahn! Best $ 49 I ever spent!)

* Turbo C

* dBASE III + (Cool, my dBASE II report generator now only takes 2 hours to run instead of 7.)

* Clipper / Foxbase

* dBASE IV

* dBASE SQL

* Microsoft C (First under DOS, then under Windows 3.1)

* SuperBase (First under Amiga DOS, then for MS Windows)

* SQL Windows (Whatever happened to this? Gupta?)

* Visual Basic 2.0

* Delphi

* Visual Basic 3.0

* Access Basic / Word Basic (Microsoft)

* Newton Script (My first "elegant" language)

* Visual Basic 4.0 & 5.0

* HTML

* FormLogic (for Apple Newton)

* Codewarrior C for Palm OS

* Visual Basic 6.0

* NS BASIC for Palm OS & Windows CE

* FileMaker 5

* Satellite Forms

* Visual C ++

* REAL Basic for Mac 9.x & OSX

* Java

* Codewarrior C ++ for Palm OS

* Appforge for Palm OS & Pocket PC

* C #

* FileMaker Pro 7.0

Whew! Not only is this a good exercise to reflect on all the languages ​​that I've worked with, but it is a good example of how the languages ​​and the technology has progressed during the past 25 years. I'm sure that I'll be adding much more to this PLMP in the near future as well. And as with most programmers I know, there is so much more that I would like to learn but just don't have the time.

Another good exercise is to bring this up as a topic of discussion with a group of programmers after a nice long day at any technical trade show. For example, quite some time ago, after a long day at the OS / 2 Developers Conference in Seattle (Yea, dating myself here.), I brought up the topic of 6502 Assembly Language programming. This was during dinner at around 7pm. The resulting conversation migrated to the hotel lobby where it continued until around 2am in the morning. (Ah, the good ol 'days.);)

(If you're a developer, I'd be interested in seeing your own personal Programming Language Migration Path. Shoot me an email to timdottrimbleatgmaildotcom.)

Timothy Trimble, The ART of Software Development

The Evolution of Python Language Over the Years

According to several websites, Python is one of the most popular coding languages of 2015. Along with being a high-level and general-purpose programming language, Python is also object-oriented and open source. At the same time, a good number of developers across the world have been making use of Python to create GUI applications, websites and mobile apps. The differentiating factor that Python brings to the table is that it enables programmers to flesh out concepts by writing less and readable code. The developers can further take advantage of several Python frameworks to mitigate the time and effort required for building large and complex software applications.

The programming language is currently being used by a number of high-traffic websites including Google, Yahoo Groups, Yahoo Maps, Linux Weekly News, Shopzilla and Web Therapy. Likewise, Python also finds great use for creating gaming, financial, scientific and educational applications. However, developers still use different versions of the programming language. According to the usage statistics and market share data of Python posted on W3techs, currently Python 2 is being used by 99.4% of websites, whereas Python 3 is being used only by 0.6% of websites. That is why, it becomes essential for each programmer to understand different versions of Python, and its evolution over many years.

How Python Has Been Evolving over the Years?

Conceived as a Hobby Programming Project

Despite being one of the most popular coding languages of 2015, Python was originally conceived by Guido van Rossum as a hobby project in December 1989. As Van Rossum’s office remained closed during Christmas, he was looking for a hobby project that will keep him occupied during the holidays. He planned to create an interpreter for a new scripting language, and named the project as Python. Thus, Python was originally designed as a successor to ABC programming language. After writing the interpreter, Van Rossum made the code public in February 1991. However, at present the open source programming language is being managed by the Python Software Foundation.

Version 1 of Python

Python 1.0 was released in January 1994. The major release included a number of new features and functional programming tools including lambda, filter, map and reduce. The version 1.4 was released with several new features like keyword arguments, built-in support for complex numbers, and a basic form of data hiding. The major release was followed by two minor releases, version 1.5 in December 1997 and version 1.6 in September 2000. The version 1 of Python lacked the features offered by popular programming languages of the time. But the initial versions created a solid foundation for development of a powerful and futuristic programming language.

Version 2 of Python

In October 2000, Python 2.0 was released with the new list comprehension feature and a garbage collection system. The syntax for the list comprehension feature was inspired by other functional programming languages like Haskell. But Python 2.0, unlike Haskell, gave preference to alphabetic keywords over punctuation characters. Also, the garbage collection system effectuated collection of reference cycles. The major release was followed by several minor releases. These releases added a number of functionality to the programming language like support for nested scopes, and unification of Python’s classes and types into a single hierarchy. The Python Software Foundation has already announced that there would be no Python 2.8. However, the Foundation will provide support to version 2.7 of the programming language till 2020.

Version 3 of Python

Python 3.0 was released in December 2008. It came with a several new features and enhancements, along with a number of deprecated features. The deprecated features and backward incompatibility make version 3 of Python completely different from earlier versions. So many developers still use Python 2.6 or 2.7 to avail the features deprecated from last major release. However, the new features of Python 3 made it more modern and popular. Many developers even switched to version 3.0 of the programming language to avail these awesome features.

Python 3.0 replaced print statement with the built-in print() function, while allowing programmers to use custom separator between lines. Likewise, it simplified the rules of ordering comparison. If the operands are not organized in a natural and meaningful order, the ordering comparison operators can now raise a TypeError exception. The version 3 of the programming language further uses text and data instead of Unicode and 8-bit strings. While treating all code as Unicode by default it represents binary data as encoded Unicode.

As Python 3 is backward incompatible, the programmers cannot access features like string exceptions, old-style classes, and implicit relative imports. Also, the developers must be familiar with changes made to syntax and APIs. They can use a tool called “2to3” to migrate their application from Python 2 to 3 smoothly. The tool highlights incompatibility and areas of concern through comments and warnings. The comments help programmers to make changes to the code, and upgrade their existing applications to the latest version of programming language.

Latest Versions of Python

At present, programmers can choose either version 3.4.3 or 2.7.10 of Python. Python 2.7 enables developers to avail improved numeric handling and enhancements for standard library. The version further makes it easier for developers to migrate to Python 3. On the other hand, Python 3.4 comes with several new features and library modules, security improvements and CPython implementation improvements. However, a number of features are deprecated in both Python API and programming language. The developers can still use Python 3.4 to avail support in the longer run.

Version 4 of Python

Python 4.0 is expected to be available in 2023 after the release of Python 3.9. It will come with features that will help programmers to switch from version 3 to 4 seamlessly. Also, as they gain experience, the expert Python developers can take advantage of a number of backward compatible features to modernize their existing applications without putting any extra time and effort. However, the developers still have to wait many years to get a clear picture of Python 4.0. However, they must monitor the latest releases to easily migrate to the version 4.0 of the popular coding language.

The version 2 and version 3 of Python are completely different from each other. So each programmer must understand the features of these distinct versions, and compare their functionality based on specific needs of the project. Also, he needs to check the version of Python that each framework supports. However, each developer must take advantage of the latest version of Python to avail new features and long-term support.

Harri has an avid interest in Python and loves to blog interesting stuff about the technology. He recently wrote an interesting Python blog on http://www.allaboutweb.biz/category/python/.

Which Comes First – The Patent or the Prototype?

Throughout my time helping inventors develop a multitude of different projects, this conundrum has often reared its head. It is important to say from the outset that there is no definitive answer, but I will aim to convey the alternative perspectives, to allow inventors to make an informed choice for themselves. The opinions on this topic vary across professionals in the IP industry and the answer will differ depending on the specific idea.

Having said that, below are the main reasons for developing a prototype before patenting:

  1. A patent application requires a certain level of detail regarding how the idea functions. This is known as ‘sufficiency’ or an ‘enabling disclosure’. It is often easier to describe, and draw, an invention once a prototype has been created and tested.
  2. Prototyping develops the idea and it may be that a new or better solution is achieved. Potentially these iterative developments could require altering the original patent application or filing a new application. This could cost more or result in advantageous changes being left unprotected.
  3. The grace period before substantial fees and important decisions need to be made during the patenting process is quite short, considering the average time it takes to launch a new product onto the market. It could be argued that it is better to progress the idea as much as possible before filing the patent application, including finalising the design through prototyping. This would then allow the grace period to be used for manufacturing or licensing the product.
  4. A prototype can be used to test the market and some people consider that it is best to do this before embarking on a potentially expensive patenting strategy. (Disclosing the idea can prevent a granted patent being achieved and legal advice should be taken on how to test the market without forfeiting potential patenting opportunities. Confidentiality agreements are one way of protecting an idea before a patent application has been filed.)
  5. A prototype may prove that the idea is not viable therefore saving the cost and time involved in drafting and filing a patent application.

Conversely, below are the main reasons to file a patent application before prototyping:

  1. Prototypes often need to be produced by companies and therefore it could be wise to file for the patent first to protect the intellectual property.
  2. If the inventor waits for the prototype to be produced before filing the patent application, someone else may file an application for the same idea first. In many countries of the world, including the UK, the patents systems are ‘first to file’ and not ‘first to invent’.
  3. The patent application process includes a thorough worldwide novelty and inventiveness search by the UK IPO that could reveal valuable prior art material, not only in terms of the direction the prototype should take, but also in terms of potential infringement issues whereby the prototype can then be designed around existing patents.
  4. A patent application and the resulting patent, like all intellectual property, provides an asset which is owned by the inventor or applicant company. If prepared effectively, the patent can be licensed or sold to generate an income stream potentially without ever needing to produce the prototype.
  5. It may be better to start with a patent application if funds are limited, as a patent application is generally cheaper than a prototype.
  6. A ‘provisional’ patent application can be filed without requiring great detail, providing a follow up application is then filed within 12 months which describes the idea in more detail. This may be following the proof of concept provided by the prototype.

There are some ways round these issues. Prototyping manufacturers can be asked to sign a confidentiality agreement before the idea is disclosed. However bear in mind that many companies will not sign confidentiality agreements, since their in-house departments might be working on similar ideas. Pre-application patent searches can be carried out prior to prototyping or patenting to discover whether it is sensible to proceed without having to draft and file an application.

There is a third perspective for consideration. Some industry experts would suggest that it’s not a patent or prototype that should come first but the opinion of industry experts as to whether the idea is viable and will sell. They would argue that the prototype and patent are important parts of the process but, at the very beginning, it’s best to ascertain that there is actually a market before investing in either a patent or prototype.

In conclusion, the best way to proceed with any new product idea is a complex decision. If the novel functionality of the idea is unproven, then a prototype may be a sensible first step. It is worth ensuring that a reputable company is used to produce the prototype and that a confidentiality agreement is signed prior to the concept being revealed. Alternatively, the inventor may choose to file a patent application first and accept that additional cost may be incurred to re-file or amend the application as the project is developed.

The High-Performance Application Factor in Dot NET

This Common Language Runtime was initially designed to get the high-performance as per its demand. This article all about high-performance applications in .NET and is not at all an exhaustive discussion.

We will discuss following topics under this piece of article;

1. The key points about .NET that needs to be remembered all the time.

2. Comments of 2 industry experts on this topic.

High-Performance Application in .NET is the priority. When it comes to interest about high performance in .NET there are many points that should always be kept in mind. Let's have a look at a few of them.

1. Key points about .NET that needs to be remembered all the time.

• Profiling APIs is like giving more granular metrics on memory allocations that will definitely be a huge improvement over other current APIs.

• Most of us must be aware tha .NET has a rich set of parallel programming APIs and libraries like the Task Parallel Library, Akka.NET, etc. The biggest challenge in this area is to educate and communicate with users. Making similar abstractions are very much convenient for the wider community.

• Significant and précised performance improvements are all about .NET since 4.0, which makes it worth in order to revise all the types of assumptions based on other older versions of the .NET Framework.

• Garbage collection is a major recurring theme in all types of high-performance scenarios, which led to many CLR and language improvements like Value Task as well as ref returns.

Variety of interests have been seen regarding. NET and it has increased to a vast array. When it is about .NET standard applications and the platforms for the same, it is not traditionally known by every professional ..NET has opened plenty of platforms for writing quality performance applications. In addition to this, there are plenty of doors that have opened for many platforms like IoT devices and mobile phones as well. These devices offer many options to solve new challenges than regular desktops and servers. NET Core is not yet known by many developers and commoners and hence it is still awaiting more success stories regarding high-performance applications. End-to-end .NET systems have many micro-services, server-less factor, and other containers. Each one of these has the capability of bringing own set of performance requirements.

2. Comments of 2 industry experts on this topic.

Let's have a look at a few facts that 2 famous industry experts have to say about the question that where .NET stands when it comes to 'Performance' factor and how does it can be compared with different mainstream platforms.

A. Maoni Stephens – the main developer of the .NET GC

B. Ben Watson – author of the books Writing High-Performance .NET Code and C # 4.0

Enough of discussions have been seen in this area and hence many trendsetters have also been observed.

A. Maoni Stephens – She is the main developer of the .NET GC

No doubt that .NET GC is one of the most described areas when we talk about its overall performance. She mentioned that as she works on it, her answers on this particular panel is going to be very much focused around the GC. According to her, many people may have the common belief that the.NET was and is always associated with only the high productivity and not the performance. There are plenty of products that are written on .NET that always has more of high-performance requirements. Hence, to make sure that our GC can very-well handle every possible requirement, before going ahead with shipping a significant feature, we should make sure that we test them through our internal coordinating team that is capable of handling stressful workloads in the complex world like Exchange or Bing. Maoni also adds that this is the best way that we don't have to completely rely on macro / micro-benchmarks that in spite of being very useful, it can also lack on representing the performance in the real-world scenarios. You can read plenty of her blogs about this topic.

Most of the customers want the best performance and we have to work accordingly.

B. Ben Watson – He is an author of the books Writing High-Performance .NET Code and C # 4.0

According to him, .NET is already in a strong position and still getting stronger at a rapid pace. The CLR team takes complete responsibility for performance and has also gained enough of achievement with respect to .NET, like JIT as well as the garbage collector. He says that my product has driven some of those necessary changes and it is absolutely gratifying to see the world getting benefitted with this and not just the largest application is Microsoft. The Performance is always the core work and any other platform that is about tradeoffs. .NET gives you some incredible and ultimate features in the runtime, but you have to play by its usual rules to get the best results and obviously to get the most out of it. This best possible level of performance that require the highest levels of engineering and other platforms will also have different tradeoffs, but the entire engineering efforts will always be there without any flaw. But there are also few weaknesses, of course. In a vast online world, where every request matters, factors like GC and JIT can get in the way of extreme performance. There are many solutions for the same, but it can also demand significant effort, depending on how much that performance is important to you.

Conclusion

Plenty of different trendsetters have been seen regarding this topic. We also know that we can run server applications on Linux that represent a précised and non-recognized areas for developers. When it is about high performance in .NET, discussed key points should be kept in mind and views of Ben Watson and Maoni Stephens will definitely be a great help.

Blockchain & IoT – How "Crypto" Is Likely Going To Herald Industry 4.0

Whilst most people only started to learn about “blockchain” because of Bitcoin, its roots – and applications – go much deeper than that.

Blockchain is a technology unto itself. It powers Bitcoin, and is essentially the reason why *so many* new ICO’s have flooded the market – creating an “ICO” is ridiculously easy (no barriers to entry).

The point of the system is to create a decentralized database – which essentially means that rather than relying on the likes of “Google” or “Microsoft” to store data, a network of computers (generally operated by individual people) are able to act in the same way as a larger company.

To understand the implications of this (and thus where the technology could take industry) – you need to look at how the system works on a fundamental level.

Created in 2008 (1 year before Bitcoin), it is an open source software solution. This means its source code can be downloaded edited by anyone. However, it must be noted that the central “repository” can only be changed by particular individuals (so the “development” of the code is not a free for all basically).

The system works with what’s known as a merkle tree – a type of data graph which was created to provide versioned data access to computer systems.

Merkle trees have been used to great effect in a number of other systems; most notably “GIT” (source code management software). Without getting too technical, it basically stores a “version” of a set of data. This version is numbered, and thus can be loaded any time a user wishes to recall the older version of it. In the case of software development, it means that a set of source code can be updated across multiple systems.

The way it works – which is to store a huge “file” with updates of a central data set – is basically what powers the likes of “Bitcoin” and all the other “crypto” systems. The term “crypto” simply means “cryptographic”, which is the technical term for “encryption”.

Irrespective of its core workings, the true benefit of wider “on-chain” adoption is almost certainly the “paradigm” that it provides to industry.

There’s been an idea called “Industry 4.0” floating around for several decades. Often conflated with “Internet of Things”, the idea is that a new layer of “autonomous” machinery could be introduced to create even more effective manufacturing, distribution and delivery techniques for businesses & consumers. Whilst this has often been harked to, it’s never really been adopted.

Many pundits are now looking at the technology as a way to facilitate this change. Reason being that the interesting thing about “crypto” is that – as especially evidenced by the likes of Ethereum – the various systems which are built on top of it can actually be programmed to work with a layer of logic.

This logic is really what IoT / Industry 4.0 has missed thus far – and why many are looking at “blockchain” (or an equivalent) to provide a base-level standard for the new ideas moving forward. This standard will provide companies with the ability to create “decentralized” applications that empower intelligent machinery to create more flexible and effective manufacturing processes.

During Industrial Revolution 4.0 Era, Palm Oil Plantation Have to Implement Digital Technology

At this time the world is in the era of the 4th Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) which is characterized by the implementation of artificial intelligence, super computer, big data, cloud computation, and digital innovation that occurs in the exponential velocity that will directly impact to the economy, industry, government, and even global politics.

The Industrial Revolution 4.0 is characterized by a smart industrialization process that refers to improved automation, machine-to-machine and human-to-machine communication, artificial intelligence (AI), and the development of sustainable digital technology.

Industrial Revolution 4.0 is also interpreted as an effort to transforms the process of improvement by integrating the production line (production line) with the world of cyber, where all production processes run online through internet connection as the main support.

Road Map to Industrial 4.0 in Palm Oil Industry

In Indonesia the application of industry 4.0 is expected to increase productivity and innovation, reduce operational costs, and efficiency that led to increase the export of domestic products. In order to accelerate the implementation of Industry 4.0, Indonesia has developed a roadmap for industry 4.0 by establishing five manufacturing sectors that will be a top priority in its development, including food and beverage industry, automotive, electronics, textiles and chemicals.

The five industry sectors are favored considering that they have shown their great contribution to the national economic growth. For example, the food and beverage industry, especially the palm oil industry, has a market share with growth reaching 9.23% in 2017. In addition, the industry also became the largest foreign exchange contributor from the non-oil sector which reached up to 34.33 % in year 2017.

The magnitude of the contribution of the food and beverage industry sector can also be seen from the value of exports reaching 31.7 billion US dollars in 2017, even having a trade balance surplus when compared with the import value of only US $ 9.6 billion. This figure also places the palm oil industry as the largest foreign exchange contributor to the country.

In order to increase productivity and efficiency optimally, the technology supporting the industrial revolution 4.0 is imperative to implement, including the implementation of Internet of Things (IOT), Advance Robotic (AR), Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Digitalized Infrastructure (DI).

The structural transformation from the agricultural sector to the industrial sector has also increased per capita income and driven Indonesians from agrarian to economies that rely on an industry-driven value-added process accelerated by the development of digital technology.

In the context of this industrial revolution 4.0, the palm oil industry sector needs to immediately clean up, especially in the aspect of digital technology. This is considering the mastery of digital technology will be the key that determines the competitiveness of Indonesia.

Because if not, then the Indonesian palm oil industry will be enumerated left behind from other countries. If we do not improve our capabilities and competitiveness in priority sectors, we will not only be able to reach the target but will be overridden by other countries that are better prepared in the global and domestic markets.

Digitalization Era in Palm Oil Industry

As a major player in the global palm oil industry, Indonesia needs to clean up soon. Absolute process and operational efficiency is immediately undertaken especially concerning activities involving many manpower such as field work (infield activity) such as crop maintenance, land treatment, fertilizing activity, weeding, harvesting and transporting fruit to weighing and sorting. This is because in this sector there is often time and cost inefficiency.

Digital technology has facilitated a lot of work in the palm oil industry. Now no longer need to make statistical data collected from a number of palm plantsations manually. Ease and other advantages of digital technology is able to capture images or photos of fresh fruit bunches, as well as precise location of the garden using a tablet that can access the GPS.

That way, field managers can not only easily track and monitor real-time activity in the garden, but they can also see for themselves the quality of the palm fruit and know exactly which areas are experiencing the problem. And incredibly, it does not need their presence on the field.

In addition to the ease of transferring data from the field to the Excel sheet on the computer and also making reports on the quality of the palm fruit, digitization also facilitates in recording the presence of employees and field workers to then process the data for the purposes of remuneration and incentives.

Film Radiography is Declining in Industrial Testing Applications

DODGED THE DIGITAL DILEMMA

The shift from analog to digital technology has given a new lease of life for NDT applications in the industrial radiography market, thus, broadening the scope beyond traditional applications. Digital X-ray systems are proliferating with increased acceptance across all industry verticals, including highly regulated and traditionally conservative aerospace and automotive industries. The most significant contributing factor for this paradigm shift to digital X-ray systems is the cost-saving, which is 5-6 times more (in both computed and direct radiography) when compared to film-based systems. The shift is also being fueled by the bridge of gap by digital systems when it comes to high-resolution images, which used to be a niche for film radiography. Megatrends, such as Industry 4.0, Industrial Internet of Things, and Big Data, are expected to progressively phase out radiography on film.

ADVENT OF PORTABLE RADIOGRAPHY EQUIPMENT

The industry is experiencing significant influx of portable equipment in the recent years. With the need for inspection activities to be carried out at multiple locations and in various orientations, the industry demand for portable testing devices is increasing. The demand for compact and lightweight devices, which enable easier examination, has been a key trend in the market. Innovation in manufacturing technologies is propelling the deployment of these products. Elimination of installation costs with the use of portable devices, which helps in reducing the total cost of ownership (TCO) of these devices, is further helping the manufacturers strengthen their economic position in the market. The oil & gas industry, which employs testing across the industry supply chain for gauging the structural integrity and for continuous monitoring of intricate structures of various sizes, like plates, tubes and drilling machines, is expected to be among the most dominant end-users for portable radiographic equipment.

DIRECT RADIOGRAPHY TO BE THE GROWTH ENGINE

What's leading the pack in digital radiography? Direct radiography is the fastest growing type of radiography with near double-digit growth rate as compared to the overall market. This segment is aided by advancements in hardware, such as tubes, sources, and detectors, as well as software improvements facilitating better user-friendliness and efficiency. The advantages of direct radiography, including shorter exposure times, real-time applications, use of recognition software, reduced inspection time, environmental concerns, portability, and increased dynamic range (enabling multiple thicknesses to be inspected in one shot), are driving their adoption across all industry verticals. Direct radiography equipment is offering guaranteed high ROI to customers, which is the biggest contributing factor for their growth. Significant market opportunity for direct radiography (includes real-time) exists in automotive and aerospace segments, which are witnessing very high growth rates, even exceeding that of the overall direct radiography market.

Wireless Industrial Remotes With Empowered Technology

In the world of technology, so many changes take place almost at every moment. By using the modern technology as well as scientific up-gradation so many tools and machines are being produced nowadays. Wireless industrial remotes are also a recent up-gradation that is being talked about by the people nowadays. It is actually used in industrial sectors in order to maintain and control the gigantic machines. Need of high productivity as well as safety in the industrial area has made these industrial devices an inevitable inclusion for the engineers.Wireless industrial remote controls are being manufactured with so many variations. They can be used for all types of your mechanical device. Some popular types include Proportional Hydraulic Controls, Transport Leak Detection System, Aircraft Auto Refueling System, Bulk Transport Driver Authorization System and many more. These industrial remote systems are also certified by the registered association so that they can be used in explosive environment too. Because of it, these radio remote controllers are being chiefly used in industrial petroleum sectors, proportional hydraulic control systems, LPG and Anhydrous Ammonia Bulk Transports.As the technological field is continuing its up-gradation by involving the latest innovation, the need of such wireless systems is also increasing at the same time. The modern manufacturers are producing some unique remote control systems that, at the same time, can manage a large amount of work at a single time and also can maintain a safety environment in the technical work field.The following are some examples of popular industrial remotes:Transport Leak Detection Remote Control Systems are chiefly used in passive transport systems. It is a fully automatic leak detection system that mainly inspects leaks at propane and anhydrous ammonia transports. In order to meet the compliance requirements of U.S. HM225A and Canadian B620 regulations, these wireless products are tested by the Design Certified Engineers. This extremely low powered unit can monitor all types of piping as well as hose assembles during the off-loading and loading process.Emergency Shut Down System is another popular application of these radio remotes. These devices are mainly designed for Industrial Plants. This wireless shutdown system is basically developed to reduce the costly hard-wiring as well as manual emergency shut-down switches. One can install any number of radio transmitter units within the area 1,000 ft of a receiver control. This system can also work with the conjunction with the existing as well as new plant safety equipment.Another important wireless industrial system is the Driver Authorization System. It is used in commercial vehicles to prevent unauthorized movement of the vehicles. It can be also used in your existing machines. By using this system one can protect the vehicles from any kinds of unauthorized engine starts. It is actually a low powered micro computer controlled ignition lock out system.Wireless Aircraft Refueling Systems are mainly designed for industrial applications requiring positive operator-to-machine contact. This device is used to refuel the aircraft. This system is also equipped with frequency hopping spread spectrum technology that ensures interference free control of the system.

Exoskeleton Device Innovation Shows Potential For the Healthcare Industry

Despite the exceptional performances we saw during the Beijing Olympics, the average human body is limited in how fast it can run, how high it can leap and how much weight it can carry. However, innovative technologies are emerging in the design of wearable robotic systems, or exoskeletons that might soon stretch those limits.Originally designed for military applications, exoskeleton innovations are slowly blossoming in robotic orthotic devices designed to assist in rehabilitation programs for stroke victims, paraplegics and the mobility disabled. Exoskeletons also have tremendous potential in assisting emergency responders, nursing home and home healthcare workers, as well as farmers and factory workers, by reducing incidences of back strain or injury.Current research and development has emerged from the cooperative work of the University of California Berkley and Oak Ridge National Laboratories, led by Dr. John Main. Wearable exoskeleton systems and components are being developed to enhance the performance of upper and/or lower extremities. Flexible, wearable robotic “suits” have been developed for whole-body performance improvement. This type of suit may include force sensors so that the suit is capable of sensing the user’s motions.In a model the University of Utah is developing, the joints are powered by hydraulic systems at the hip, knee and ankle for the lower body systems. Upper body systems are being designed to increase the arms’ strength and mobility by enhancing performance at the shoulder, elbow and hand. Power source efficiency and minimal size and weight are critical elements in these exoskeleton systems’ designs.Rehabilitation AidExoskeleton technologies are finding their way into the healthcare industry, too. Developed by Amit Goffer of Argo Medical Technologies in Israel, a new device called ReWalk enables paralyzed people to stand, walk and climb stairs independently. The ReWalk system is made of body sensors, leg supports, a computerized control box within a backpack and a remote control device contained within a wristband. When the user leans forward and picks a setting, the body sensors are activated, setting the robotic legs in action. Crutches are used to aid with balance.About 700,000 people in the United States have a new or recurrent stroke each year. Of these, only about 10 percent will completely recover. The remainder will require rehabilitation. The combined direct and indirect costs of stroke were $62.7 billion in the United States in 2007, and rehabilitation accounts for $12.6 billion. The ReWalk is poised to enter the market in 2010 at a cost of about $20,000.Reducing Back InjuriesIn addition to providing rehabilitation, this technology can be used to prevent back injuries among both healthcare workers, first responders and others who frequently lift heavy objects in their work. According to OSHA, six of the top 10 professions with the highest risk of back injuries are nurse’s aides, licensed practical nurses, registered nurses, health aides, radiology technicians, and physical therapists. More than one third of back injuries are among nurses and attributed to the frequency with which they must handle and lift patients.Back injuries have a worldwide prevalence of 17 percent. The annual prevalence is about 40-50 percent and lifetime prevalence of 35-80 percent. These staggering statistics provide a great potential market for the exoskeleton technology.Challenges in ManufacturingActuation, power supply, weight and size considerations pose the greatest challenges in designing exoskeletons. Cumbersome, heavy systems are an obvious detriment, especially in the case of the paralyzed or physically weak user. Currently, exoskeleton systems developers are investigating improved materials to help minimize the weight and size of the components. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is looking at composite materials that are lightweight, flexible and strong. Power to run the exoskeleton is generated by a wearable pack that needs to be lightweight and compact, yet contain enough power to last 24 hours.The biomechanics of the exoskeleton introduces additional challenges. Whether for upper, lower body or full body use, it needs to be able to imitate natural human movement as closely as possible. Actuation and biomechanics need to be designed so that the movement is smooth from start to finish and changes in motion, like from walking to running or changing direction is not awkward.The FutureDespite these challenges, further technological development and refinement is needed, especially within the healthcare industry. Although the technology is being actively developed for the military, some intellectual property filings reveal that medical applications are being addressed.Wearable robotics systems have the potential to lower rehabilitation costs by allowing patients to stay in their homes. The ability to lift a patient or perform a rescue operation by using the human exoskeleton can greatly reduce the incidence of back injuries among healthcare professionals and first responders. This could reduce costs associated with worker’s compensation, missed days, and work-related disability. With the economic burden associated with back injuries soaring in the healthcare industry, more research and development should be directed at the practicality of wearable robotics in the healthcare industry.